These are the scholarly works used in the creation of this website. The individual essays contain notes on the primary sources consulted for each case.


Chinnici, Joseph P. When Values Collide: The Catholic Church, Sexual Abuse, and the Challenges of Leadership. Maryknoll, N.Y: Orbis Books, 2010.

Clites, Brian J. Breaking the Silence: The Catholic Sexual Abuse Survivor Movement in Chicago. Evanston, IL: Pro Quest LLC, 2015.

Cozzens, Donald B. Sacred Silence: Denial and the Crisis in the Church. Collegeville, Minn: Liturgical Press, 2002.

D’Antonio, Michael. Mortal Sins: Sex, Crime, and the Era of Catholic Scandal. 1st ed. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, StMartin’s Press, 2013.

Dolan, Jay P. In Search of an American Catholicism: A History of Religion and Culture in Tension. Oxford ; Oxford University Press, 2002.

Ewick, Patricia. Beyond Betrayal: The Priest Sex Abuse Crisis, the Voice Of The Faithful, and the Process of Collective Identity. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2019.

Formicola, Jo Renee. Clerical Sexual Abuse: How the Crisis Changed US Catholic Church-State Relations. First edition. Palgrave Studies in Religion, Politics, and Policy. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Keenan, Marie. Child Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church: Gender, Power, and Organizational Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

O’Toole, James M. “What Did I Know, and When Did I Know It?” American Catholic Studies 127, no. 2 (2016): 5–9.

Renzetti, Claire M., and Sandra Yocum. Clergy Sexual Abuse: Social Science Perspectives. Boston, UNITED STATES: Northeastern University Press, 2013.

Articles and Book Chapters

Abraham, Garth. “Clericalism and the Need for Reform of the Post-Tridentine Model for the Formation of Seminarians.” International Studies in Catholic Education 12, no. 2 (July 2, 2020): 206–17.

Berry, Jason. Vows of Silence: The Abuse of Power in the Papacy of John Paul II. New York: Free Press, 2004.

Dunn, Mary, Brenna Moore. “A Vocation of Contested Intimacies US Roman Catholic Priesthood in the  Mid-Twentieth Century.” In Religious Intimacies: Intersubjectivity in the Modern Christian West, 170–95. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2020.

Fisher, James T. “Opportunity Knocking.” American Catholic Studies 127, no. 2 (2016): 24–27.

Gonsiorek, John G. “The Interplay of Psychological and Institutional Factors in Sexual Abuse by Roman Catholic Clergy.” In Clergy Sexual Abuse: Social Science Perspectives, 35–51. Boston, UNITED STATES: Northeastern University Press, 2013.

Holt, Karen, and Christina Massey. “Sexual Preference or Opportunity: An Examination of Situational Factors by Gender of Victims of Clergy Abuse.” Sexual Abuse 25, no. 6 (December 1, 2013): 606–21.

Jacobitz, Gerard. “Seminary, Priesthood, and the Vatican’s Homosexual Dilemma.” In More than a Monologue: Sexual Diversity and the Catholic Church, 86–105. New York, USA: Fordham University Press, 2020.

Koeth, Stephen M. “‘It Is the Mass That Matters Most’: Monsignor George G. Higgins and the Place of the Liturgy in Social Action.” American Catholic Studies 127, no. 2 (2016): 29–53.

Moran, Mayo. “Cardinal Sins: How the Catholic Sexual Abuse Crisis Changed Private Law.” Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law 21, no. 1 (2020 2019): 95–142.

Orsi, Robert A. “What Is Catholic about the Clergy Sex Abuse Crisis?” In Anthropology of Catholicism. University of California Press, 2017.

Osborne, Catherine R. “Writing Catholic History After the Sex Abuse Crisis: Introduction.” American Catholic Studies 127, no. 2 (2016): 1–4.

Tentler, Leslie Woodcock. “Evidence and Historical Confidence.” American Catholic Studies 127, no. 2 (2016): 10–13.

Wirenius, John F. “‘Command and Coercion’: Clerical Immunity, Scandal, and the Sex Abuse Crisis in the Roman Catholic Church.” The Journal of Law and Religion 27, no. 2 (2012): 423–94.